Hypertension

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension also known as High blood pressure is a condition in which blood flows through the arteries (tiny blood vessels that transport blood to all organs in the body) at a high pressure which can be harmful to the arteries and organs in the body.

What are the causes/risk factors for Hypertension?
  • Smoking
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Can be inherited
  • Pregnancy induced
  • Excessive Alcohol consumption
  • Age
How is Hypertension diagnosed?

Hypertension is usually diagnosed from high blood pressure readings gotten from a Sphygmomanometer (a device that measures blood pressure)

Typically upper readings (systolic) above 140mmHg and/or lower readings (diastolic) above 90mmHg; are considered high.

How is Hypertension Treated?

Treatment modalities include exercise, weight control, controlled diet and other lifestyle modifications including smoking cessation;  with or without medications

What Medications are used in the treatment of hypertension

There is a long list of medications that are used in the management of hypertension.

They include any or a combination of the following medications

  • ACE Inhibitors – Lisinopril, Ramipril, Captopril, Perindopril
  • Long Acting Calcium Channel Blockers – Amlodipine, Felodipine
  • ARBs – Valsartan (Diovan), Telmisartan (Micardis), Losartan (Rosart), Irbesartan (Aprovel)
  • Diuretics- Indapamide (Natrilix), Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrex), Furosemide (Lasix), Spironolactone (Aldactone)
  • Beta-Blockers – Atenolol, Bisoprolol, Labetalol
  • Alpha Blockers – Doxazosin

Facts about Hypertension

  • Hypertension is not a death sentence
  • Hypertension can be managed with appropriate lifestyle modifications, weight control, a healthy diet and exercise
  • Hypertension that remains uncontrolled after appropriate lifestyle modifications and has not been linked to an underlying condition will need to be managed with medications
  • Anti-hypertensive Medications are typically taken everyday
  • Regular Monitoring of blood pressure readings is very important in the management of hypertension
  • Hypertension if left untreated can cause Stroke and even lead to sudden death (hence the nickname ‘the silent killer’)
  • Hypertension can damage can damage blood vessels in the body and if left untreated can cause Erectile dysfunction in men
  • Hypertension can occur at any age, even though the risk increases with age
  • Antihypertensive medications do not kill !!!!!!!
  • Take your medications as prescribed by your Doctor
  • If you experience any problems or side effects from your antihypertensive medications, speak to your Doctor or Pharmacist about it.

Learn more about Hypertension at emedicine.medscape.com/article/241381/overview

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