- Cough and Cold usually occur as a result of the body’s natural defense against an allergen, a bacteria or a viral upper respiratory tract infection
Cough and Cold usually occurs with any of these symptoms
- Excessive mucus production
- Nasal congestion
- Watery eyes
- Redness of the eyes
- Nasal discharge
- Foul breath
- Sore throat
- Antihistamines like Loratadine, chlorpheniramine, fexofenadine can help reduce symptoms like sneezing, watery eyes
- Decongestant pills like Pseudoephedrine and Phenylephrine can unblock the sinuses and airways can make it easier for you to breathe.
- Nasal drops and sprays usually contain decongestants and/or steroids that unblock your air ways
- Cough and Cold preparations are to be used with caution in children below age 2 years
- IV or oral glucocorticoids are commonly used to relieve symptoms
Vaccines are available that can provide immunity against Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) bacteria which account for most upper respiratory tract infections.
Learn more about Upper respiratory tract infections at emedicine.medscape.com/article/302460-overview