Acne

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when the hair follicles are clogged with oil and dead skin cells.

Acne is also associated with hormonal fluctuations; which is why it affects younger persons and women the most

Signs and Symptoms

  • White heads
  • Blackheads
  • Small red tender pumps
  • Pimples
  • Large painful lumps under the skin
  • Pus filled lumps under the skin

Causes

  • Excess oil production
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Clogged hair follicles
  • Bacteria

Management

Non-pharmacological

This usually works for mild acne

  • Use of cleansers and soaps to clean the skin
  • Tea tree oil

Pharmacological

  • Benzyl peroxide
  • Salicylic acid
  • Vitamins
  • Antibiotics
  • Other topical antiseptics
  • Alpha hydroxyl acid

Learn more about Acne at emedicine.medscape.com/article/1069804-overview

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